Automotive

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The automotive industry plays a strategic role in the Mexican economy, has ample provisions and competitive advantages at world level in skilled and competitive labor, privileged geographical location and preferential access to principal world markets.

Mexico occupies nineth place in the world as a vehicle producer and the sixth most important vehicle exporter.

The sector contributes 3.0% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and 17.2% of manufacturing GDP. It generates 16.4% of all manufacturing jobs[1].

The value of automotive exports of more than US$60 billion a year represents 22.4% of total exports; it is the main source of foreign currency in the country, surpassing remittances from immigrant Mexicans working abroad and the value of oil exports.

Mexico is the main supplier of vehicle imports of the USA, with a 26.3% share.

With information up to 2011, the automotive trade balance reported a surplus of US$33.5713 billion, an increase of US$6.8471 billion over the same period in 2010.

Nineteen of the most important vehicle manufacturers have production facilities in Mexico, along with more than 300 Tier 1 manufacturing suppliers and a similar number of Tier 2 and Tier 3 auto parts producers.

States with light vehicle production facilities are the following:

 
State Plant Productive Process
Aguascalientes Nissan Aluminum casting, vehicle and engine stamping and assembly.
Baja California Toyota Vehicle assembly and gearboxes
Chihuahua Ford Gasoline engine production
Coahuila Chrysler Engine production
  General Motors Vehicle stamping and assembly, gasoline engine production
  Chrysler Engine production and stamping
Estado de México Nissan Casting
  Chrysler Vehicle stamping and production of spare parts
  General Motors Vehicle and engine stamping and assembly, and casting
  Ford Stamping and assembly
Guanajuato General Motors Vehicle stamping and assembly and transmissions.
  Volkswagen Engine production
Morelos Nissan Civac Vehicle stamping and assembly
Puebla Volkswagen Vehicle stamping and assembly, manufacture of engines and parts
Jalisco Honda Production of auto parts
San Luis Potosí General Motors Vehicle stamping and assembly and manufacture of transmissions
Sonora Ford Vehicle stamping and assembly

Seven federal entities have production plants for the manufacture of heavy vehicles in Mexico:

State Plant Productive Process
Coahuila Daimler Stamping and assembly of tractor-trailers
Estado de México Daimler Stamping and assembly of trucks and buses
  Volvo Stamping and assembly of buses
  Isuzu Assembly of trucks
Nuevo León Daimler Stamping and assembly of buses
  Navistar Stamping and assembly of trucks, buses and tractor-trailers
Hidalgo Dina Stamping and assembly of buses
  Giant Motors Assembly of trucks
Baja California Kenworth Stamping and assembly of tractor-trailers
Querétaro Man/VW Assembly of trucks
  Scania Assembly of tractor-trailers
Guanajuato Hino
Assembly of trucks

Vehicle Production and Export:

From 2000 to 2010 vehicle production went from 1,939,941 to 2,347,524 units, an increase of 21.0%.

In the same period, exports grew 32.5% going from 1,450,932 units to 1,922,171 units.

Accumulated data to November 2011 indicates an annual growth in the production and export of new vehicles of 14% and 15%, respectively.

More than 80% of vehicles produced in Mexico are exported:

  2007 2008 2009 2010 2011*
Exports (units) 1,653,219 1,698,360 1,266,032 1,922,171 2,048,699
Export Destination (%)          
USA 74.3 74.5 72.5 69.5 64.4
Europe 11.8 12.6 10.0 8.9 7.4
Canada 5.4 6.7 7.8 7.6 9.9
Brazil 1.5 2.9 3.7 3.8 5.6
Chile 0.8 0.6 1.1 1.1 1.6
Rest of the world
6.2 2.7 4.9 9.1 11.0

 

[1] GDP data refer to the third quarter of 2011 and job data to October of that year.