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Against a backdrop of world markets marked by technological innovation and intensifying competition, regulatory activity is an essential tool for the national economy and international trade.

In Mexico standardization manifests as the mandatory Official Mexican Standards (NOM), prepared by federal government agencies, and the primarily voluntary Mexican Standards (NMX) promoted by the Secretariat of Economy and the private sector through national standardization  bodies. To demonstrate that a product or item for sale conforms to the standard which governs it, the Conformity Assessment process comes into play (which involves certification, verification, calibration, sampling and testing procedures, according to the case).

Not just anyone can ensure that a good or service conforms to the standard. An accreditation body is required to assess the technical competence and reliability of certification organisms, test laboratories, calibration laboratories and verification units.
Standardization and conformity assessment would not be possible without the support of metrology to ensure the accuracy of measurements, making it one of the cornerstones of industrial development and the certitude of trade transactions.

To ensure that standardization is as effective as it can be, the Secretariat of Economy participates in forums and international organisms such as the Codex Alimentarius, the Pan American Standards Commission (Copant), the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) and the International Organization for Standardization (ISO).